HuiQuan Bay

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Area HuiQuan Bay
Place QingDao
Country China
Topics tourism and ecosystem
Author(s) Yinglan Liang


Red reef is a beautiful landscape of Qingdao coastline,this special landscape just produce in HuiQuan Bay.However, due to the excessive development of the tourism industry, the ecological environment of the Red Rock has been severely damaged.

Location and scope

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A Landscape System Analysis

A.1 Landscape layers and their system context

Geomorphology, landscape units and coastal typology

The Huiquan Bay was typical rockly coast in Qingdao.Their beaches are relatively narrow and the coastline accounts for 60% of the entire coastline.There are many raised large reefs on the platform.When the flood tides,there will be a wide erosion on the platform.At the same time there are many aquatic animals and plants on the shore.This aquatic animals and plants will stop on the gap of reef rock.

Land use

The analysis of the location and surrounding,I found the results.there have a lot of leisure activity place.Settlement and business zone just had a small part on the map.Maybe there didn't in the city center.But there the transport infrastructure is still convenient.And on this location the topography the mainly of mountain and forest.Basic on this topography and coastline in the future.The government will develop ecosystem and culture theme.

Green/blue infrastructure

The HuiQuan Bay in the surrounding the main green infrastructure was the forest,beach,park,tree allee,reef beach.Through these elements from a special coastline in the city.Due to QingDao was a coastal city there have a lot of hills in the city.On the city development they use these landscape elements to connect the city center.This can creates a unique landscape line.

  • You find my background material on green infrastructure in our reading list
  • add 1-2 graphical representations to the image gallery, you can add more if you like

Actors and stakeholders

Mostly,now this area facing the problem was overexploitation of tourism,due to the local ecological and historical environment has been destroyed.In the development of tourism this situation,the government is the biggest beneficiary and he has the most rights,because the government has higher economic returns and they have the power to make decision,how to development.On the other hand,the interests of tourists are relatively small,and the interests in historical remains are the most least.Many times the development of tourism has destroyed the local ecology,but the local people they can do just a little bit.For example the former residence transform hostel can earn more money compared with using for museum.

Sacred spaces and heritage

In this coastline there are many meaningful elements.In the map I marked the representative of the three places.On the left side it is museum this is a military remnants site there parking a lot of warship from 90's.Second it is former residence because QingDao was colonial city.So there have a lot of special building from different countries.This buildings in the past use for famous people living or office.Last one it is landmark on the costline.This is the temple in the past this temple used to promote Buddhusim culture.But now there is a good view use to enjoy the coastline.

Visual appearance and landscape narrative

On the landscape narrative,there are many attractive special elements in this landscape.These elements are unique to HuiQuan Bay.For example sea gull,red rock,fishing boat.But the interesting things is when the high tide and low tide here had special view.On the high tide had a lot of aquatic animals and plants into beach.After that on the low tide the animals will stay in the stone seam.At that time have a lot of children went there to catch fish.In China have a lot of artists use this elements to created.

A.2 Summary of you landscape system analysis and your development Targets

  • You can summarize your findings with an DPSI(R) Model or a Spider Diagram
  • Link back to the Sustainable Development Goals: Which goals are at risk?
  • What is your hypothesis for this landscape?
  • Visualise your hypothesis with one graphic/pict
  • Are there any existing initiatives taking action in this landscape? Do you have a critical perspective on that?
  • Add text and visuals

On the system analysis,tourism is the main actor.In the development of tourism can bring high economic benefits.These economic benefits can be used to improve coastal landscape facilities.Such as bench,maintain the environment.Tourism development can provide more employment opportunities.However,on the tourism development had weak point because tourism development will change the land use and will influence the housing price of local.At the same time too many tourists the pollution problem more and more serious.Because it can produce a lot of garbage.Sometime they change the function of historic building. On the hypothesis,before the red reef was around the coastline.But now there just had a small part,because other place they change the structure to developed the tourism.However in the future the government continued to focused develop tourism will be lose red reef.Maybe at the last time red reef just had small part near to museum ,because there was nature park.So the government need to focused red reef problem.

A.3 Theory reflection

  • Reflect on at least three international policy documents in relation to their local landscape case
  • choose one international, one European and one national document
  • You can choose references from our reading list
  • Scope: 250 words

A.4 References

  • J H Connell, Community Interactions on Marine Rocky Intertidal Shores. 1972. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematic

“Red reef damage situation”

“garbage problem in Huiquan bay”

Phase B: Landscape Evaluation and Assessment

B.1 Assessment Strategy

The overuse and exploitation of land in the landscape ecosystem of Huiquan Bay is a major problem in this coastline. Based on this issue protect the Natural coastline, it is the main purpose. According to the previous analysis, the development of tourism brings considerable economic benefits to the local area, but at the same time, it destroys the local ecological environment.

B.2 Mapping

land use in different period,2008 is the transformation in Qingdao ,the ciy became to develop the tourism industry .The land use also began change. Before vegetation and red rock is the large part on the bank, it can use to defence flooding.But now 2008, the location of these elements become hotel and private beach.

B.3 Problem definition and priority setting

Red rock is the special natural features. The costeline surrounding by rich culture background because this area in the pass was a colony.So this place mix different culture.From this costline have some problem they are from period development , the most serious of problem is the loss of biodiversity.this problem is caused by the development of tourism industry.

B.4 Theory reflection

online resource was limitation about the site and the participation was lack. on the reading, I focused on 3 material.

1. sustainable development - the relationship between marine life and coastline 2. ecosystem service - the ecological value of coastline 3. coastal erosion - coastline development in China

B.5 References

Phase C – Strategy and Master Plan

C.1 Goal Setting

Through the evaluation findings and analysis, the goals and strategic objectives for Huiquan Bay and it is coastal development are two main goals. First, use natural to increase the connect between coastal landscapes and urban infrastructure. Secondly establish the special image of Huiquan Bay based on the original elements. So the use of diversified resources to promote recreational tourism development in local. Under environmental protection let people not only can enjoy the living near coastal also it can enjoy the natural environment. Sustainable Goal: 9.industry, innovation and infrastructure 14. life below water 15. life on land

  • Link back to your original targets from section one and the Development Goals
  • 150 words text contribution

C.2 Spatial Strategy and Transect

The coastal area of Huiquan Bay has a rich of natural resources and it potentially multifunctional entry to the city. At the final of spatial vision. I will focus on creating the coastal landscape with the ecological characteristic. On the site, I will divide into three zones, they have different function and characteristics, also this 3 zone will connectivity with each other.

This planning can slow down coastal erosion, restore the damaged ecological environment. Special creat ecological dams, it can relive the effects of typhoons. On the transect. It is cross 3 main points. first is ocean area, many people are holding activities such as swimming, sunbathing. Secondly was the coastal landscape, here is a bio-diversity zone have red rock beach and the forest. The last one it was city zone, there have settlement and tourist attractions.

This is the visualization of the site. I set 3 points on the site, they represent different area and characteristics. I will use the sidewalk to link each other, it made of the wooden structure. Because it can protect the ecological environment while allowing visitors to close to nature.

C.3 From Theory of Change to Implementation

In the Huiquan Bay transformation process we need the Government, Investors, Citizen/Tourist and Environment department to cooperate with each other. The government and the investors will provide the funding to management and development coastal landscape. The citizen needs to learning and participates how to protect the coastal. And the Environment development can set the rules to supervise.

On the develop processing. I planning to use seven years of finishing this project. The first year uses 6 months to do the location analysis. After that use 2 years of raising funds. At the same time can begin to restore the red rock because the site needs to redevelopment at different stages. Next step uses one year to do design during this period can start planting plants in the location. Finally using 3 years to do constructing, it includes creat vegetation dams and use timber boardwalk construction connect the different area of coastal.

  • add 150 words text and visuals

C.4 References

  • give a full list of the references you have used for this section

D. Process Reflection

On this coastal landscape program, I learning about the different coastal problem from the different group. And the use different landscape strategy. But on the project, for me is not enough time for working on this project and also I work alone. I cant hear different opinions and heavy workloads. The most important things lack of research and analysis. specially now I am in Germany I cant get the new information. In the future, if have the chance I will be doing the field investigation also doing the case study. The most important reading more coastal theoretical to supporting my project.