Southern Coast of the Caspian Sea

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Area Southern Coast of the Caspian Sea, Iran
Place Coastal Boulevard of Anzali Harbor
Country Iran
Topics Psychological Security
Author(s) Mohamadreza, Negar, Amirhossein, Haniyeh
Presentation11024px-Bolvare Bandar-e Anzali.jpg


What make the Coastal Boulevard (promenade) of Anzali[1] Port interesting to work as case study are its history, high use status by public and convenient accessibility from downtown for visitors of this coastal town to relax and enjoy the landscape. Unfortunately, despite all these significant positive aspects, lack of proper psychological security from the various points of views is highly perceived for this recreational built landscape!

Location and scope

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A Landscape System Analysis

A.1 Landscape layers and their system context

Geomorphology, landscape units and coastal typology

Land use

Regarding the current land use status, It is obvious that the promenade itself has a recreational land use as the main function but the predominate land use of its surrounding displayed in red and brown colours are commercial and residential. It should be mentioned that the residential land uses in brown have the front facades/the first line of buildings as commercial and the inner layers as residential, that’s why it has been categorized as residential and mixed land use.

Concerning the evolution story of this landscape, it can be divided before and after appearance of breakwaters. Based on the historical books and photos, this waterfront was mainly a place for fishers to go for fishing, so the majority of land use was for fishers’ housing. After building the breakwaters the fishing harbour turned to a governmental commercial harbour which had a significant impact on changing the land use of its surroundings. Now the major land use can be ranked as commercial. It is believed if the current situation continues, high rise buildings with commercial use would eat the remained residential and recreational lands.

Green/blue infrastructure

Talking about the green and blue infrastructure, as we all know they work as a network to benefit both human and nature. Naming some tangible ones; harbor and water breaks can be classified as blue infrastructures and the promenade itself represents the green one. The benefits from this network are clearly boosted trade, economic opportunities, transportation, managed storms, biodiversity, recreational activities, cleaner air, decreased urban heat and etc.

Actors and stakeholders

In this part we have illustrated three circle in three different color with the degree of importance from low to high and also with three powers that they are not in a same situation in relation to our Coastal landscape. For example municipality and local coastal users with different powers but they are locating in the same area because they have both high influence in relation to our coastal landscape. The second power which including citizens, tourist, local markets and fishery they all are located in medium part with medium influence to our landscape. And the other elements like large oil and gas companies, Customs duties, merchants or traders they have high power but our landscape is not affected by them in a high influence.

Sacred spaces and heritage

Visual appearance and landscape narrative

A.2 Summary of you landscape system analysis and your development Targets

A.3 Theory reflection

National policy:

The Comprehensive integrated coastal zone management plan in Iran specifics the following priority goals according to the ICZM (Integrated Coastal Zone Management):

•Over-exploitation of resources Natural including aquatic animals, forests

•Environmental pollution resulting from Human activities, tourism and so on Change water level •Erosion and damage to lines Coastal and its infrastructure

•No proper definition of private and public ownership of the coastal strip

•Lack of public access to the coastal strip

•Unbalanced construction in the coastal strip

International policy: (International Guidelines on Urban and Regional Planning)

According to the Urban and Territorial Planning and Social Development regarding to our coastal region the following regulations in Local authorities have relation to our issue and it should be considered.

Local authorities:

•Promote social and spatial integration and inclusion, particularly through improved access to all parts of the city and territory, as every inhabitant (including migrant workers and displaced people) should have the ability to enjoy the city, its socioeconomic opportunities, urban services and public spaces, and to contribute to its social and cultural life

•Provide good quality public spaces, improve and revitalize existing public spaces, such as squares, streets, green areas and sports complexes, and make them safer, in line with the needs and perspectives of women, men, girls and boys, and fully accessible to all. It should be taken into account that those places constitute an indispensable platform for vibrant and inclusive city life and are a basis for infrastructure development

•Improve urban safety, particularly for women, youth, the elderly, the disabled and any vulnerable groups, as a factor of security, justice and social cohesion;

•Promote and ensure gender equality in the design, production and use of urban spaces and services by identifying the specific needs of women and men, girls and boys

A.4 References

UN HABITAT. International Guidelines on Urban and Regional Planning (from reading list)

Comprehensive integrated coastal zone management plan in Iran 32800.Pdf

Phase B: Landscape Evaluation and Assessment

B.1 Assessment Strategy

To evaluate the Psychological Security as the hypotheses perceived in the first phase, a chart of three main themes with sub-factors has been developed based on the Safety and Security chapter of BlueHealth Environmental Assessment Tool guide [2].

Perceptual: this theme includes all the factors related to the sense which are interpretable not tangible directly; lightening, sense of general security, demographic diversity, visual quality, Olfaction quality and noise pollution.

Practical: this theme includes the functionality of all existing physical elements; vegetation cover, safeguarding, pedestrianization and accessibility.

Physical: this theme includes the needed physical elements for the landscape; furniture and essential facilities.

All three themes have been mapped to include the most important factors in each theme. Due to the limitation in time of assessments, comparative and descriptive tools as the two most useful strategies have been chosen to apply for.

B.2 Mapping

  • As defined by your assessment strategy you conduct the mapping and present your findings here
  • As a minimum, at least three different themes need to be mapped, you may choose more if needed

B.3 Problem definition and priority setting

  • Give a summary of the major findings of your mapping process, what are the problems/potentials identified?
  • Draw a problems/potentials map
  • Set priorities for the most relevant issues

B.4 Theory reflection

  • Please reflect the assessment and evaluation methods used based on at least three readings
  • Did you encounter limitations'
  • 200 words test contribution

B.5 References

  • give a full list of the references you have used for this section

BlueHealth Environmental Assessment Tool guide:

Edinburgh Waterfront Promenade, Design Code:

The Planting Design Handbook, Second Edition, by Nick Robinson

Site Planning and Design Handbook, Second Edition, by Thomas H. Russ:

Phase C – Strategy and Master Plan

C.1 Goal Setting

  • Define strategic planning objectives based on the evaluation findings
  • Link back to your original targets from section one and the Development Goals
  • 150 words text contribution

C.2 Spatial Strategy and Transect

  • translate your strategic goals into a vision
  • develop a spatial translation of your vision
  • exemplify your vision in the form of a transect with concrete interventions
  • add map(s) and visualizations

C.3 From Theory of Change to Implementation

  • For implementing your vision: Which partnerships are needed? Which governance model is required?
  • Who needs to act and how? Draw and explain a change/process model/timeline
  • Which resources are needed? On which assets can you build?
  • add 150 words text and visuals

C.4 References

  • give a full list of the references you have used for this section

D. Process Reflection

  • Reflect in your intercultural and interdisciplinary team on the outcomes of your study
  • Which limitations were you facing?
  • What have you learnt from each other?
  • What would you do differently next time?
  • You can also use diagrams/visuals
  • 250 words text